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CHAPTER XX.

ALUMNAE AT WORK.

THE term alumnae as used in this volume includes all former pupils, - graduates or not. Some hints of their varied work are given in the preceding chapters. The records of the Memorandum Society show what positions are filled by the members of that body. The number reported in its catalogue at the end of forty years - ten years ago - was 2,341, and included 737 besides the 1,604 graduates. This was less than half the whole number - about 4,750 - that had then been connected with the seminary. 

Of these 2,341, 1,690 had taught since leaving the seminary; 77 of them twenty or more years; 260 between ten and twenty years; and 470 between five and ten years; making 807 that had taught five or more years; 21 were physicians; 1,391 were married; 141, perhaps more, were or had been foreign missionaries. The number of city and home missionaries, known to be large, was not definitely ascertained. 

The secretary is endeavoring to obtain similar information for the whole half century, extending her inquiries to include other work, philanthropic, educational, and literary; and not only about those belonging to the society but respecting all that have ever been members of the seminary; but the work is too great to be finished in season for these pages. Till that record is complete, it will be impossible to give the names or approximate number of home missionaries, or even of the teachers laboring among freedmen, Mormons, Indians, or Chinese in our own land. Nor can the full number of foreign missionaries be given. 

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The subjoined list of those under foreign boards is inserted in the hope that readers who notice omissions. or errors will kindly report them to the secretary, Mrs. C. B. Pease, Somers, Connecticut, who will be glad to receive information also about unreported alumnae in any part of the world. 

ALUMNAE WHO ARE OR HAVE BEEN IN THE SERVICE OF 
FOREIGN MISSIONARY BOARDS.

The figures at the left indicate, with names of graduates, the year of graduation with undergraduates, the year of leaving the seminary: d. with date denotes death. 

It is not attempted here to specify changes, nor to indicate the present field of labor. 

'54. Augusta E. (Abbott) Dean, Ahmednagar, India. 

'44. Abby (Allen) Fairbank, Ahmednagar, India; d. 1852. 

'50. Anna C. (Allen) Douglass, Madras, India. 

68. Martha A. Anderson, Ahmednagar, India. 

'79. Fanny P. (Andrews) Shepard, Aintab, Turkey. 

'41. Harriet (Arms) Sylvester, Choctaw Nation; d. 1868. 

'48. Maria P. Arms, Choctaw Nation. 

39. Mary (Avery) Loughridge, Creek Nation; d. 1850. 

48. Lydia H.(Babbitt) Dodd, Marsovan, Turkey. 

'38. Charlotte (Bailey) Grout, Natal, South Africa. 

'68. Louisa M. (Bailey) Whitney, Ebon, Ralik Islands. 

'08. Isabella C. (Baker) Stocking, Oroomiah, Persia. 

'39. Elizabeth K. (Baldwin) Whittlesey, Hawaiian Islands. 

66. Anna M. (Ballantiue) Park, Bombay, India. 

'57. Elizabeth D. (Ballantine) Harding, Sholapur, India. 

55. Mary (Ballantine) Fairbank, Ahmednagar, India; d. 1878. 

'56. Cornelia C. (Barrows) Bartlett, Cesarea, Turkey. 

'62. Martha J. Barrows, Kobe, Japan. 

45. Lydia (Bates) Grout, Natal, South Africa.  

'59. Aura J. Beach, Oroomiah, Persia; d. 1884.  

'59. Charlotte (Birge) Chamberlain, Arcot Mission, India.  

'81. Emily R. Bissell, Ahmednagar, India.  

'79. Julia Bissell, Ahmednagar, India.  

'81. Ellen M. Blakely, Aintab, Turkey.  

39. Emma L. (Bliss) Van Lennep, Smyrna, Turkey; d. 1840.  

'63. Flavia S. (Bliss) Garner, Marsovan; Sivas, Turkey.  

47. Georgiana M. (Bliss) McQueen, Corisco, West Africa. 

56. Caroline (Boynton) Kingsbury, North American Indians; d. 1873 

54. Celestia (Bradford) Carleton, Ambala, North India; d. 1882.  

83. Ella T. (Bray) Graham, Aintab, Turkey.  

52. Susan A. (Brookings) Wheeler, Harpoot, Turkey.  

55. Mary L. (Browning) Herron, Landour, North India; d. 1863. 

69. Abbie L. (Burgess) Hume, Ahmednagar, India; d. 1881.  

66. Mary A. Burnett, Peking, China.  

69. Theresa M. Campbell, Alexandria, Egypt. 

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'70. Mary L. (Carpenter) Howland, Mandapasalai, India; d. 1887.  

'52. Maria J.(Chamberlain) Forbes, Hawaiian Islands. 

51. Sarah A. (Chamberlain) Scudder, Arcot Mission, India; d. 1870. 

'41. Malvina J. (Chapin) Rowell, Hawaiian Islands. 

'42. Martha R. (Chapin) Hazen, Ahmednagar, India; d. 1884. 

'50. Annie S. (Chase) Willey, Cherokee Nation; d. 1862. 

52. Anna M. (Child) White, Madura, India; d. 1877. 

'53, Ann E. Clark Gulick, Okayama, Japan. 

64. Ursula E. (Clarke) Marsh, Philippopolis, Turkey.  

'72. Virginia (Clarkson) Cady, Kioto, Japan.  

'69. Elizabeth (Cobleigh) Cole, Bitlis, Turkey. 

46. Hannah Maria (Condit) Eddy, Beirut, Syria. 

'42. Marcia Colton, Choctaw Nation. 

51. Mary J. (Crofut) Morse, Bangkok, Siam. 

'72. Ulee P. (Cross) Crumb, Toungoo, British Burma. 

'46. Mary M. (Curtis) Seymour, Choctaw Nation; d. 1859.  

'74. Anna Y. Davis, Kobe, Japan. 

'57. Elizabeth A. (Davis) Greene, Constantinople,. 

'47. Eunice B. (Day) Bliss,  Constantinople, Turkey. 

48. Eliza M. (Dewey) Pierce, North American Indians. 

54. Elizabeth (Diament) Canaday, Choctaw Nation. 

'54. Mary (Diament) Ramsay, Seminole Indians. 

'54. Naomi Diament, Creek Nation; Peking, China. 

'42. Caroline E. (Dickinson) Bissell, Choctaw Nation; d. 1876. 

'66. Sarah E. (Dyer) Pierson, Pao ting fu, North China; d. 1882.  

'61. Charlotte E. Ely, Bitlis, Turkey. 

'61.  Mary A. C. Ely, Bitlis, Turkey. 

'65. Olive J. (Emerson) Morrow, Tavoy, British Burma.  

'77. Katie Fairbank, Ahmednagar, India. 

'77. Caroline P. (Farnsworth) Fowle, Cesarea, Turkey.  

'82. Anna Felician, Marsovan, Turkey. 

'56.  Joanna (Fisher) White, Oorfa, Turkey. 

'42.  Fidelia Fiske, Oroomiah, Persia; d. 1864. 

'44.  Nancy A. (Foote) Webb, Madura, India. 

65. Mary J. (Forbes) Greene, Kioto, Japan. 

'78. Sarah A. Ford, Sidon, Syria. 

52. Eliza J. (Foster) Scott, Landour, North India.  

55. Sarah J. (Foster) Rhea, Oroomiah, Persia. 

63. Nancy D. (Francis) Adams, Aintab, Turkey.  

57. Ann Eliza Fritcher, Marsovan, Turkey.  

68. H. Juliette Gilson, Natal, South Africa.  

67. Alice (Gordon) Gulick, San Sebastian, Spain.  

66. Mary E. Gouldy, Osaka, Japan.  

86. Anna D. Grahain, Aintab, Turkey.  

56. R. Oriana (Grout) Ireland, Natal, South Africa. 

40. Lois W. Hall, Cherokee Nation; d. 1861.  

57. Margaret E. (Hallock) Byington, Constantinople, Turkey  

46. Eliza (Harding) Walker, Diarbekir, Turkey. 

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'82. Alice B. (Harris) Smyth, Foochow, China. 

'76. Emily S. Hartwell, Foochow, China. 

'58. Lucy E. (Hawley) Ing, Kiu Kiang, China; d. 1881. 

'75. Francis A. (Hazen) Gates, Sholapur, India. 

41. Sophia D. (Hazen) Stoddard, Oroomiah, Persia.  

'55. Louisa (Healy) Pixley, Natal, South Africa.  

'76. Anna B. Herron, Landour, North India.  

'78. Mary A. Holbrook, M. D., Tung-cho, China.  

'67. Mary G. Hollister, Hadjin, Turkey.  

'77. Carrie E. (Hoover) Bushell, Rangoon, British Burma.  

'49. Angelelina (Hosmer) Carr, Choctaw Nation; d. 1864.  

'70. Susan R. Howland, Oodooville, Ceylon.  

'64. Charlotte E. (Hubbard) (Penfield) Devins, Madura Mission, India. 

'50. Emma M. (Hughes) Roberts, Shanghai, China.  

'65. Sarah J. Hume, Ahmednagar, India. 

46. Harriet (Johnson) Loughridge, Creek Nation. 

75. Mary A. (Kelley) Leavitt, Osaka, Japan. 

'76. Leila (Kendall) Browne, Harpoot, Turkey. 

68. A. D. H. Kelsey, M. D., Tung-cho, China; Hierosaki, Japan. 

'48. Abby L. (Kingsbury) Kerr, Canton, China; d. 1855. 

'48. Celestia A. (Kirk) (Maynard) Edson, Salonica, Turkey. 

'69. Auna R. (Kuhn) Weaver, Bogota, South America. 

'48. Abby T. (Linsley) Wilder, Natal, South Africa. 

'57. Mary E. (Linsley) Goodale, Adana, Turkey. 

'78. Sarah E. (Lyman) Holbrook, Natal, South Africa. 

'40. Lucy T. (Lyon) Lord, Ningpo, China; d. 1853. 

'78. Lillian E. (Mateer) Walker, North China. 

'79. Helen E. Melvin, Constantinople, Turkey. 

'45. Sarah P. (Merrill) Bacheler, Midnapore, India. 

38. Abigail (Moore) Burgess, Ahmednagar, India; d. 1853. 

59. Esther E. (Munsell) Thompson, Oroomiah, Persia.  

'50. Rose H. (Murphy) Edwards, Choctaw Nation; d. 1881.  

'56. Laura B. (Nichols) Bridgman, Natal, South Africa.  

'66. Roseltha, A. Norcross, Eski Zagra, Turkey; d. 1870.  

'59. Zoe A. (Noyes) Locke, Philippopolis, Turkey.  

'84. Mrs. Mary A. Oldham, Singapore, East Indies.  

'48. Eliza P. Otis, North American Indians.  

'70. Mary L. Page, Smyrna, Turkey. 

61. Olive L. (Parmelee) Andrus, Mardin, Turkey.  

73. Alice C. (Parsons) Ballantine, Ahmednagar, India; d. 1878.  

63. Ellen C. Parsons, Constantinople, Turkey.  

68. Lavinia (Peabody) Pearce, Madras, India.  

40. Abigail Peck, Tuscarora Indians.  

66. Jane S. (Peet) Macgowan, Amoy, China.  

83. Ellen L. (Peet) Hubbard, Foochow, China.  

50. Elizabeth W. (Penny) Wood, Ahmednagar, India.  

83. Fidelia Phelps, Natal, South Africa.  

68. R. Ellen (Pierce) Pitkin, Bogota, South America. 

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'47. Alzina V. (Pixley) Rood, Natal, South Africa. 

'48. H. Louisa (Plimpton) (Peet) Hartwell, Foochow, China. 

'56. Emily (Pomeroy) Bissell, Austria. 

'57, Clara C. (Pond) Williams, Mardin; Constantinople, Turkey. 

'68, Harriet, G. Powers, Erzroom, Turkey. 

'70. Martha E. Price, Natal, South Africa. 

'39. Susan (Reed) Howland, Oodooville, Ceylon. 

'61. Feronia (Rice) Carpenter, Labrador. 

'46. Mary S. Rice, Oroomiah, Persia. 

'40. Prudence (Richardson) Walker, Gaboon Mission, West Africa; d. 1842. 

39. Martha (Sawyer) Burnell, Melur, India; d. 1883. 

'79. Hettie E. Scott, Landour, North India. 

'69. Sarah E. (Sears) Smith, Marsovan, Turkey. 

'40. Zeviah L. (Shumway) Walker, Gaboon Mission, West Africa; d. 1848. 

44. Eliza J. (Smith) Wilder, Kolapur, India. 

'48. Elizabeth A. (Smith) Noyes, Pulney Hills, India; d. 1880. 

42. Abby M. (Stearns) Cummings, Foochow, China. 

69. Flora P. (Stearns) Bowen, Manissa, Turkey, 

49. Lucy E. (Stearns) Hartwell, Foochow, China; d. 1883. 

45 Persis G. (Thurston) Taylor, Hawaiian Islands. 

'59. Martha W. (Tinker) Raynolds, Van, Turkey. 

'45. Susan L (Tolman) Mills, Batticotta, Ceylon. 

'55. Sarah L. (Utley) Woodin, Foochow, China., 

'70. Helen M. Van Doren, Amoy, China. 

'73. Mary L. (Van Meter) Kelley, Maulmain, British Burma. 

'61. Mary L. (Wadsworth) Bassian, M. D., Constantinople, Turkey. 

'57. Elvira M. (Wait) Dodge, Mendi Mission, West Africa.  

'62. Louise (Walker) Gaines, Kioto, Japan.  

'69. Fannie E. Washburn, Marsovan, Turkey. 

59. Cora A. (Welch) (Tomson) Millingen, Constantinople, Turkey.  

55. Caroline R. (Wheeler) Allen, Harpoot, Turkey.  

40. Emily C. Wheeler, Harpoot, Turkey. 

40. Maria K. (Whitney) Pogue, Hawaiian Islands. 

'72. Cornelia P. (Williams) Chambers, Erzroom, Turkey. 

'72. Clara G. Williamson, Landour, Northern India. 

'55. Eliza D. (Winter) Morse, Eski Zagra, Turkey. 

'46. Celia S. (Wright) Strong, Cherokee Nation; d. 1850. 

'64. Lucy (Wright) Mitchell, Oroomiah, Persia. 

The four whose names follow engaged in mission work in the places named, but may not have had a formal appointment. 

50.  Paulina (Avery) Woodford, Cherokee Nation; d. 1858. 

53. Martlia A. J. Chamberlain, Honolulu, H. I. 

'50. Ellen R. (Whitmore) Goodale, Cherokee Nation; d. 1861. 

'50. Sarah (Worcester) Hitchcock, Cherokee Nation; d. 1857. 

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Since 1853 the work in the Hawaiian Islands, and since 1860 that among North American Indians, has been continued on a home missionary basis; but it should be borne in mind that parts of our own land were once more difficult to reach than the heart of Africa to-day. 

If to the preceding names be added those of the twenty-four who are or have been teaching in South Africa, the whole number given will be 197. Although these teachers are not connected with any board, they were called as missionaries and responded in the same spirit. Their names are as follows:- 

'74.  Minnie F. Bailey, Wellington. 

81.  L. Jennie Baker, Worcester. 

'62. Anna E. Bliss, Wellington. 

'69. Theresa Campbell, Riversdale. 

63. Susan M. Clary, Pretoria. 

76. Mary E. Cummings, Wellington. 

'68. Mary F. Farnham, Stellenbosch. 

'56. Abbie P. Ferguson, Wellington. 

'85. Margaret E. Ferguson, Bloemfontaine, Orange Free State. 

'68. H. Juliette Gilson, Stellenbosch. 

68. Carrie, E. Ingraham, Stellenbosch. 

'75. Mary E. Landfear, Wellington. 

'76. Sarah J. Lester, Stellenbosch. 

'79. Evelyn Metcalf, Stellenbosch. 

'75. Martha C. Newton, Wellington. 

'81. Elizabeth F. Post, Graaf Reinet. 

79. Mary O. Preston, Wellington. 

'78. Addie L. Reed, Graaf Reinet. 

73. M. Theodosia Ruggles, Pretoria. 

'72. Virginia G. (Sloan) Peast, Stellenbosch. 

'73. Ellen A. Smith, Worcester. 

'57. Angeline L. Steele, Stellenbosch. 

'60. Sarah A. Thayer, Graaf Reinet. 

'67. Annie M. Wells, Wellington. 

The reflex influence of these widely scattered daughters cannot be estimated. They do not forget We seminary. That their love includes its material as well as its spiritual interests is shown by their contributions to its cabinets. Of these, mention is thus made by Miss Lydia W. Shattuck, as quoted by Dr. Laurie in "The Ely Volume; or The Contributions of our Foreign 

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Missions to Science and Human Well-Being." Page 176:- 

"Our gifts from missionaries have been so numerous and have extended through so many years, that it is almost impossible to give a full account of them. When I began the botanical collection here, I found hundreds of plants in the bundles just as they were sent. I have had them put up carefully in large tin boxes, but I do not know in every case who sent them. From China, Ceylon, Persia, Palestine, Turkey, Spain, Africa, Labrador, and some of our North American Indian missions, many valuable collections of plants, woods, and seeds have come to us, and beautiful collections of algae and ferns have been sent from numerous localities. In the department of zoology, we have from Africa, birds, serpents, fishes, shells, eggs, insects, and horns and skins of quadrupeds; from India, shells and birds; from the Marshall and Sandwich Islands, shells and corals; and the same from Burma, China, and Japan. Rev. Mr. Bruce and Rev. Dr. Fairbank have sent hundreds of specimens, both in zoology and botany. Minerals have been received from India, Sandwich Islands, Spain, Persia, and Japan. 

"It would leave an immense gap in all our cabinets to take away our missionary treasures. The incidental work done by our devoted missionaries for the advancement of human knowledge would compare favorably with all that governments have done who have made that the sole object of national exploring expeditions." 

In this connection should be noticed the work of Miss Shattuck herself, the worthy successor of Miss Lyon and Miss Whitman in the department of chemistry. Her zeal in the laboratory has been exceeded only by her enthusiasm in botany. A graduate of 1851, she has spent most of her life in the service of the seminary. To her efforts largely it owes its botanical collection, its botanical garden, and a conservatory that is only a promise of the one she has in her eye. With the exception of Mrs. Mary A. (Hurd) Foster, one 


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of the domestic superintendents, she is the only member of the seminary that ever saw Miss Lyon. Although crowned with the almond blossom she is deterred from her favorite pursuits by neither distance nor difficulty. But after a year's absence for the purpose of studying the flora of the Hawaiian Islands she returns to the seminary just too late to furnish the reader with a report of her acquisitions there. 

ALUMNAE ASSOCIATIONS.

Mention has been made of Miss Lyon's calling together the Holyoke alumnae present at the meeting of the American Board in Norwich, in 1842. There have always been informal gatherings at the seminary anniversary. In 1853, fifteen out of sixteen classes, and in 1862 all the twenty-five classes were thus represented. In 1871 seventy graduates from twenty-four classes discussed methods of rendering aid to their Alma Mater. The result was the formation of a "National Association of Holyoke Alumnae," whose "object is to promote the prosperity of the seminary." It was formed in New Haven, Connecticut, by the alumnae present at the meeting of the American Board in 1872. Holyoke gatherings continue in connection with the annual meetings of that body, but since its first year the Association has held its annual meetings at the seminary, anniversary week. 

The New Haven Association was formed a few months before the National, to which it then became auxiliary. Branches have since been formed in the following places, in the order named: Springfield, Chicago, Worcester, Danvers, Hawaiian Islands, Boston, Philadelphia, New York, Hartford, and Greenfield. Any pupil though not a graduate may join; membership in a branch constitutes membership in the National Association. One dollar is the annual fee. 

Gifts from alumnae, amounting in value to several thousand dollars, not only aided in building Williston Hall, but have done much toward filling its cabinets 

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and furnishing each department it represents, besides contributing in many ways to the comfort and enjoyment of the household. A grateful record is kept of every gift and donor. 

Thanks are due to Miss Sarah A. Clarke, of the class of '79, for collecting and arranging, in addition to the facts here given, full statistics respecting the membership and gifts of the several associations. Her report is a paper of great value for future use. 

At its annual meeting in 1885, the Association took the first steps toward obtaining endowment funds. It is hoped that the Mary Lyon Fund, for endowing the principal's chair, will be completed in time to be a jubilee gift to Alma Mater, and will speedily be followed by funds for other departments. 

Mrs. Moses Smith, of Detroit, Michigan, is president of the National Association; Miss Louise F. Cowles, recording secretary; and Miss Sarah H. Melvin, treasurer. By the constitution, the two officers last named must be filled by "members of the faculty resident at the seminary." The list of vice-presidents includes, with others, the presidents of the several branches. 

The membership of the two organizations being practically the same, it has been proposed to unite the Memorandum Society and the Alumnae Association. But since the work of the one is that of the mother following with interest her absent daughters, and of the other that of the daughters seeking to aid the mother, it has been thought hitherto that the two objects could be. accomplished better by co-operation than by union. 

 

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